Monday, July 27, 2020
Reading, Thinking and Igniting Innovation I can`t wait to start writing more about life at MIT, but since I`m not back there yet (Boston next Monday!), I have trouble writing about it! So I`ll share what`s on my mind. I guess this is a book report, kind of. I`m almost 300 pages through Matt Ridley`s The Rational Optimist and I love it. I picked it up soon after returning from my 4 month hike. I was in a strange mood. I`m a student at one of the most innovative and progressive universities in the world and I always have loved the pace of life, the thirst for knowledge and the search for new ideas. But after hiking for 4 months and having little contact with progress, change or technology, and being content (for the most part), I`m still struggling with the juxtaposition between complex and simple, fast and slow, progressive and contentedness. Sometimes the increasing complexity and pace of life seems depressing. What`s the point, I wonder. Especially if I can be happy with a move towards self-sufficiency in the woods, away from the noise, pollution and confusion that frequently accompanies `progress`.* So I saw this book that promised to inspire me, to reignite my passion for progress, and to wake my then-dormant optimism about our future. Ridley proposes that innovation and commerce thrust our standard of living up and up (and he gives lots of evidence- I`m not going to tackle this point hereâ"read the book if you disagree). Innovation and commerce (of ideas) are some of MIT`s tenets, so I bought the book. And now I`m buying into it. Ridley starts a chapter titled `The invention of invention: increasing returns after 1800` with a quote from Thomas Jefferson, who wrote: He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me. In this chapter, Ridley proclaims that while the world of `thingsâ is often subject to diminishing returns, the world of ideas is not. The more knowledge you generate, the more you can generate. While reading this, I reflected on MIT`s mission and on my journey through the Institute. I could reach for many generalities here, like we`re trying to make the world a better place yada yada but I`ll go with something specific the GIRs. General Institute Requirements. When entering into the world of GIRs my freshman fall, I saw them as obstacles. I had to get through them to reach the creamy filling the good stuff of my MIT education. Honestly, the largest obstacle so far has just been understanding the HASS (humanities, arts and social sciences) requirements, and how to fulfill them. Having passed by most of the GIRs now (and still with no idea if I`m conforming to the HASS requirements), I reflect on just how cream-filled these classes are. Until beyond multivariable calculus, you`re le arning the language of science and the principles of physics, biology and chemistry that underlie all upper level classes. Ridley`s notion that knowledge begets more knowledge rings true here. My education hasn`t provided answers to nearly any of my questions. But the GIRs provide the tools to understand the questions. Questions MIT students ask often don`t have answers yet. But we`re being equipped with the tools, both in `mind and hand` (MIT`s motto had to stick that in somewhere) to ask the right questions and to be creative and innovative in seeking our answers. Without the knowledge gained in 8.02 (Physics II Electricity and Magnetism), I would have had trouble analyzing my brother`s comment on how we should ionize water (give it a negative charge) and channel it through magnets to propel canoes and kayaks (think about it). Without 5.111 (Principles of Chemistry), I couldn`t have fielded questions after my Splash class (subject: Quantum Mechanics) about whether orbital frequency has an effect on intermolecular attraction. And without 7.012 (Biology I), I simply never would have met Dr. Eric Lander. He`s amazing.** So with this foundation of GIR knowledge, MIT students are ready to tackle the more rigorous and challenging upper level classes. But as I hopefully showed above, the GIRs prepared me for more then just more classes. They help me to take a more informed and creative approach to questions and problems this is innovation. Ridley argues that innovation follows a pattern akin to a bushfire innovation is largely unpredictable and occurs at random places and at bizarre times. In a historical context, Ridley is quite right 50,000 years ago, west Asians innovated ovens and bows and arrows, 5,000 years ago Mesopotamians were at the pinnacle of metallurgy and urban living, 500 years ago Italians invented book-keeping methods still in use today, 200 years ago Englishmen harnessed steam to replace animal and human labor and 50 years ago the concept of credit cards emerged in California. In the last 150 years, `innovation randomness` has both increased and decreased, depending on your perspective. Due to a blossoming population and an even faster growing literate (not just with regards to reading, but scientifically, socially, politically, economically literate) community, more people are innovating in more places than ever before. In reality, technological progress follows complex patterns, responding to differ ing demographic demands, fertile political and social undertones, a fair amount of pure luck and championed by hard working teams in the right place at the right time. But we have a node here, at MIT. A node where the bushfire ignites more often than almost anywhere else. I thought about posting links here to some amazing and awe-inspiring innovations and ideas spilling from our Institute. But just go to our homepage MIT.edu. You`ll find amazing things, updated every single day. There`s a fire raging in Cambridge (on one side of Cambridge, at least), and it`s been igniting minds and releasing shocking amounts innovation for over 150 years. Look, now I`ve gotten all riled up. This is why, I`ve reminded myself, I want fast paced. I want progress. I want to be in the thick of things. I needed the GIRs to build and grow. I can only be content in the woods for so long. I want to contribute. Not MIT, nor science, nor progress has an end goal in mind. But it`s the journey that counts (and it`s fun to understand, to blow things up, and to have others admire what you do). And that`s why Ridley`s book, The Rational Optimist has got me excited about classes (which start on September 7th!) and about rejoining the MIT community in its relentless pursuit of the future. I`ll be sure to make time to slow down, but being creative and solving cool worldly problems is just too good to hike around. *It`s worth taking a moment here to state that while I moved in the direction of self sufficiency during my hike, I didn`t even come close to reaching it. I stopped at supermarkets to resupply with various foods (most flown or driven hundreds, even thousands of miles to supply my needs), I relied on strangers to pick me up and give me rides, the vast majority of my (technologically advanced) equipment was made by global companies. If I was seriously injured or fell ill I likely could have made it to a hospital ER in a matter of hours and had amazing care. **Short anecdote One day, I attended a7.012 lecture where Dr. Lander was speaking on the subject of gene regulation (similar to this opencourseware lecture). Dr. Lander was talking about sequencing genomes. We all knew he was quite influential in the HGP (human genome project), but at one point he paused, looked up at us with a slight smile and said, And I suspect, gentlemen, that the horse genome will be sequenced quite soon. That`s because after this lecture, he would retreat to the Broad Institute (part of MIT) and work on sequencing the horse genome. Published a few weeks later. What a baller.
Friday, May 22, 2020
Burma, officially called the Union of Burma, is the largest country by area located in Southeast Asia. Burma is also known as Myanmar. Burma comes from the Burmese word Bamar, which is the local word for Myanmar. Both words refer to the majority of the population being Burman. Since British colonial times, the country has been known as Burma in English; however, in 1989, the military government in the country changed many of the English translations and changed the name to Myanmar. Today, countries and world organizations have decided on their own which name to use for the country. The United Nations for example, calls it Myanmar, while many English speaking countries call it Burma. Fast Facts: Burma or Myanmar Official Name: Union of BurmaCapital: Rangoon (Yangon); administrative capital is Nay Pyi TawPopulation: 55,622,506 (2018)Official Language: BurmeseÃ Ã Currency: Kyat (MMK)Ã Form of Government: Parliamentary republicClimate: Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)Total Area: 261,227 square miles (676,578 square kilometers)Highest Point: Gamlang Razi at 19,258 feet (5,870 meters)Ã Lowest Point: Andaman Sea/Bay of Bengal at 0 feet (0 meters) History of Burma Burmas early history is dominated by the successive rule of several different Burman dynasties. The first of these to unify the country was the Bagan Dynasty in 1044 CE. During their rule, Theravada Buddhism rose in Burma and a large city with pagodas and Buddhist monasteries was built along the Irrawaddy River. In 1287, however, the Mongols destroyed the city and took control of the area. In the 15th century, the Taungoo Dynasty, another Burman dynasty, regained control of Burma and, according to the U.S. Department of State, established a large multi-ethnic kingdom that was focused on expansion and the conquest of Mongol territory. The Taungoo Dynasty lasted from 1486 to 1752. In 1752, the Taungoo Dynasty was replaced by the Konbaung, the third and final Burman dynasty. During Konbaung rule, Burma underwent several wars and was invaded four times by China and three times by the British. In 1824, the British began their formal conquest of Burma and in 1885, it gained full control of Burma after annexing it to British India. During World War II, the 30 Comrades, a group of Burmese nationalists, attempted to drive out the British, but in 1945 the Burmese Army joined British and U.S. troops in an effort to force out the Japanese. After WWII, Burma again pushed for independence and in 1947 a constitution was completed followed by full independence in 1948. From 1948 to 1962, Burma had a democratic government but there was widespread political instability within the country. In 1962, a military coup took over Burma and established a military government. Throughout the rest of the 1960s and into the 1970s and 1980s, Burma was politically, socially and economically unstable. In 1990, parliamentary elections took place but the military regime refused to acknowledge the results. During the early 2000s, the military regime remained in control of Burma despite several attempts for overthrow and protests in favor of a more democratic government. Government of Burma Today, Burmas government is still a military regime that has seven administrative divisions and seven states. Its executive branch is made up of a chief of state and head of government, while its legislative branch is a unicameral Peoples Assembly. It was elected in 1990, but the military regime never allowed it to be seated. Burmas judicial branch consists of remnants from the British colonial era but the country has no fair trial guarantees for its citizens. Economics and Land Use in Burma Because of stringent government controls, Burmas economy is unstable and much of its population lives in poverty. Burma is, however, rich in natural resources and there is some industry in the country. As such, much of this industry is based on agriculture and the processing of its minerals and other resources. Industry includes agricultural processing, wood and wood products, copper, tin, tungsten, iron, cement, construction materials, pharmaceuticals, fertilizer, oil and natural gas, garments, jade, and gems. Agricultural products are rice, pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane, hardwood, fish and fish products. Geography and Climate of Burma Burma has a long coastline that borders the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Its topography is dominated by central lowlands that are ringed by steep, rugged coastal mountains. The highest point in Burma is Hkakabo Razi at 19,295 feet (5,881 m). The climate of Burma is considered tropical monsoon and has hot, humid summers with rain from June to September and dry mild winters from December to April. Burma is also prone to hazardous weather like cyclones. For example, in May 2008, Cyclone Nargis hit the countrys Irrawaddy and Rangoon divisions, wiped out entire villages and left 138,000 people dead or missing. Sources Central Intelligence Agency. CIA - The World Factbook - Burma.Infoplease.com. Myanmar: History, Geography, Government, and Culture- Infoplease.com.United States Department of State. Burma.
Saturday, May 9, 2020
Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance - The Reconciliation of Western and Eastern Philosophy The differences in Western and Eastern philosophy are marked. Eastern thinking has slowly become Ã¢â¬Å"discoveredÃ¢â¬ by the West; meanwhile, the development of Western thought and philosophy has come under close scrutiny by modern and postmodern philosophers and thinkers as being flawed at its core. The German philosopher Martin Heidegger came to the conclusion that Ã¢â¬Å"Western philosophy is a great errorÃ¢â¬ (Barrett xi). The manner in which Western thought was founded, the course of its development, and its incursion into every facet of life in the Western world has been and is now being questioned on all fronts by leading critics and thinkers.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Although Pirsig never states it explicitly, this concept is the point of reconciliation between Eastern and Western philosophy, and indeed, its effects would be seen in every facet of life. The idea that nature itself can be divided rationally into ordered systems is inherently Western in origin. That implies that a system of concepts exists to explain the world, the universe. The Ã¢â¬Å"structure of conceptsÃ¢â¬ is called a hierarchy, and broken down even further, is a system of divisions, or distinctions (Pirsig 97). Pirsig asserts that this has been a Ã¢â¬Å"basic structure for all Western knowledgeÃ¢â¬ ( 97). How this Western way of thinking came about could be an entire Philosophy course in itself. A short explanation must be described, however, in order to make sense of the rest of this paper. According to William Barrett, what we call Western traditions in thinking really stem from two cultural backgrounds, Hebrew and Greek, both of which are Ã¢â¬Å"profoundly dualistic in spiritÃ¢â¬ (ix). That is, they Ã¢â¬Å"divide reality into two parts, setting one division off against the other (Barrett ix). The Hebrews did it on the basis of morality and religion, separating God from Creation, flesh from spirit, right from wrong. The Greeks divide along the basis of philosophical and intellectual lines. It was Plato who almost Ã¢â¬Å"single-handedlyÃ¢â¬ established Western philosophy (Barrett ix). Plato Ã¢â¬Å"absolutely cleaves reality into the world of the intellect and the world of the sensesÃ¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesLeale Sen ior Production Project Manager: Kelly Warsak Senior Operations Supervisor: Arnold Vila Operations Specialist: Ilene Kahn Senior Art Director: Janet Slowik Interior Design: Suzanne Duda and Michael Fruhbeis Permissions Project Manager: Shannon Barbe Manager, Cover Visual Research Permissions: Karen Sanatar Manager Central Design: Jayne Conte Cover Art: Getty Images, Inc. Cover Design: Suzanne Duda Lead Media Project Manager: Denise Vaughn Full-Service Project Management: Sharon Anderson/BookMastersRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 Pageshow a small player survives in a globalising market. ST Electronics Ã¢â¬â total quality management for business excellence. Sony (A) Ã¢â¬â a diverse hi-tech multinational responds to change with repeated reorganisations. Arts Council Ã¢â¬â changes in structure and responsibilities in funding the arts in the UK. Tetra Pak Ã¢â¬â success through a project-based organisation structure. Fed-Ex Ã¢â¬â packaging new business models to deliver competitive advantage. Forestry Commission Ã¢â¬â from forestry management to service provider:Read MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words Ã |Ã 846 PagesBromwich has made. He played an important role in the diffusion of modern practices of capital investment appraisal in the United Kingdom. He has been constantly open to the insights which advances in economic theory can provide into the accounting art, in many areas pushing at the frontiers of international knowledge in his own quiet way. In the area of costing, Michael has undoubtedly deepened our understandings of both conceptual and practical issues, in recent years providing a voice of reason
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Over history, literature has impacted the approach and understanding of multimedia, pop entertainment. Furthermore, it has shaped our social ideologies, contesting current norms, and furthering our own examination of societal approaches and schools of thought. Much of the narrative and film techniques have incorporated a psychological and psychoanalytic examination of human nature and how it impacts everyday life. We will write a custom essay sample on Essay on David LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s Blue Velvet or any similar topic only for you Order Now David LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s film, Blue Velvet is one of the most influential films, pushing the world of entertainment into new perspectives, reshaping much of the technique producers undertake. Blue Velvet served as a major catalyst for independent filmmaking, which largely reshaped multimedia entertainment. Throughout this film, Lynch heavily relies on Freudian theories, specifically revolving about the Oedipal complex/conflict, sadism, masochism, and fetishism as a connecting point between the characters. Throughout this paper, I apply these Freudian techniques on the psychoanalytic level by examining and analyzing various characters. This will further illustrate how Blue Velvet as well as other works that are heavily based on psychology, impact our society. LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s film was particularly influential because of his incorporation of darker topics, as well as the connection between his film and Franz KafkaÃ¢â¬â¢s work in terms of grotesque themes. Lynch helped to shape literature as well, during the tone of this period of darker themes in creative works, because authors began to incorporate darker themes in their own work. The Gothic is a particular genre that Blue Velvet helped to shape. Not only did the film address psychological levels and theories that had yet to be fully represented in pop-media film, but it also utilized a popular Freudian theory called the uncanny. Lynch achieves this because, throughout the film, people are often unable to describe what theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen. Lynch focuses on the opening setting of Blue Velvet in a small town, encapsulating an idealistic All-American image. The audience is given a picture-perfect neighborhood where children cross the street with the help of a crossing guard in uniform, surrounded by a scene of blue skies, white picket fences, and colorful tulips in blossom. These images force viewers to think about how we collectively define the American Dream, as well as what the Ã¢â¬Å"perfect lifeÃ¢â¬ is. By doing so, Lynch is able to tap into our psyche; this storybook beginning allows him to go deeper, behind the fences and smiling children, into a world of anything but perfection. LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s influence on societyÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of the Ã¢â¬Å"American Dream,Ã¢â¬ adds to the importance of his film. Irena MakarushkaÃ¢â¬â¢s article, Ã¢â¬Å"Subverting Eden: Ambiguity of Evil and the American Dream in Blue Velvet.Ã¢â¬ Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation, enhanced the reshaping of our psychological perception of the American Dream, through her examination of life and society. She utilized Blue Velvet to further her notions through varying ideas and contexts. Furthermore, she examined LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s film, because it encapsulated the concept that life is not as it always seems; the Ã¢â¬Å"American DreamÃ¢â¬ often serves as a faÃ §ade, blinding society to the darker, perhaps more realistic, side of life. When the film begins to shift into scenes of hungry black insects, the tone and ideas within viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ minds begin to shift. The contrast between the insects and the happy children at play reveals a struggle between what Freud referred to as the Id and the Superego: Ã¢â¬Å"Professor Freud came to the very significant conclusion that the neurosis represents a conflict between the ego and the id (the instinctive needs); the psychosis between the ego and the outer world; and the narcissistic neurosis a struggle between the ego and super-ego. The differentiation of the mental apparatus into an id, ego, and super-ego thus resulted in a clearer understanding of the dynamic relations within the mindÃ¢â¬ (Alexander 176). This quote allows us to understand that the children at play are representative of the Id because of our instinctive needs, such as protection, which in this case was provided by the crossing guard; the black insects are representative of our Superego because they focus on Ã¢â¬Å"the part of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s mind that acts as a self-critical conscience, reflecting social standards learned from parents and teachers,Ã¢â¬ which correlates to the darker side of society. LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s psychologically metaphorical tactic essentially forces viewers to understand that life is not as perfect as it may appear to be, and evil often occurs behind the closed doors of the Ã¢â¬Å"cookie cutterÃ¢â¬ house. His use of aesthetically pleasing scenery in the beginning, however, is important to remember: It is only rarely that a psychoanalyst feels impelled to in-vestigate the subject of aesthetics even when aesthetics is understood to mean not merely the theory of beauty, but the theory of the qualities of feeling. He works in other planes of mental life and has little to do with those sub-dued emotional activities which, inhibited in their aims and dependent upon a multitude of concurrent factors, usually furnish the material for the study of aesthetics. But it does occasionally happen that he has to interest himself in some particular province of that subject, and then it usu-ally proves to be a rather remote region of it and one that has been neglected in standard works. (Freud 1) Freud is essentially saying that aesthetics often impact the feelings one feels. This being said, Lynch needed to provoke a feeling of peace and happiness at the beginning of Blue Velvet in order to emphasize the shift of these emotions, into those of fear, terror, and confusion. This tactic allowed Lynch to augment the correlation between emotions towards perceived cultural images, and feelings when people recognize that life is not always as perfect as it seems in the Ã¢â¬Å"American Dream.Ã¢â¬ This point will be examined at length throughout this paper. Blue Velvet serves as a pivotal film because of the psychoanalytic components, particularly in terms of the characters. Each character is symbolic of varying psychological theories. Furthermore, the way Lynch introduces characters contains several Freudian theories. The first character viewers were introduced to was Jeffrey Beaumont. Beaumont came upon an ear while walking near his home. Psychologically speaking, the Freudian theory has noted that when someone dreams about dethatched body parts, it is symbolizing male castration. This is important to note when analyzing Blue Velvet. Before applying this theory to Blue Velvet, the concept of dreams is important to understand in terms of its applicability to the film. Dreams are heavily influenced by the image of our culture, and how we construct it. Lynch undertook this influence, applying it to Blue Velvet, by reconstructing our understanding of the American Dream through tropes of mystery revealed when viewers are introduced to the darker truth behind the beginning of the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of the American Dream. The dreamlike imagery he used, relating back to the uncanny, begins with the main character, JeffreyÃ¢â¬â¢s discovery of the severed ear. The uncanny focuses on the human mind and mindperecpeiotion in correlation to creative works such as Blue Velvet. Just as Freud noted that detached body parts were subconscious thoughts of male castration, JeffreyÃ¢â¬â¢s finding was representative of the general unconscious of society. When Beaumont brought the severed ear to the police department, the detective, Detective Williams, urged Jeff to let the incident go, because there were darker problems occurring in town. As expected, Jeff ignored WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢ comment, deciding to pursue the matter himself, receiving help from his girlfriend, Detective WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢ daughter. Relating back to the detached ear, it largely foreshadowed the upcoming events. As noted above, a severed body part often resembles male castration on the psychoanalytic level. When Jeff began to investigate the case, he soon found himself encountering a nightclub singer and her sadistic male abuser. This singer, Dorothy, and her abuser, Frank encapsulate the Freudian definition of sadism and masochism. Due to the looming issue of male castration, one could assume that Frank was possibly interested in sexual dominance, power, and pain in order to compensate his own sexual insecurities. Freud heavily believed that sadism and masochism, which is a form of sexual pleasure derived from inflicting pain upon others or receiving sexual pleasure from receiving pain, was associated with innate male sexuality (Freud 1). Viewers watch as Frank belittles, insults, and beats Dorothy, but soon discover that she gains pleasure and arousal from the abuse. Here, Lynch is exposing society to the darker side of sexuality, utilizing psychological theories, and forcing viewers to think about their own sexuality. Furthermore, he is allowing several people to act on their own fantasies as an outsider in a fantastical world. This greatly relates to the purpose of the Gothic genre, which is to expose and allow people to process and cope with difficult issues without actually having to endure the pain in reality. When examining Dorothy and Frank on the psychoanalytic level, the Oedipal complex is also seen. Freud believed that the Oedipal complex was a childÃ¢â¬â¢s internal desire to have sexual relations with their parent of the opposite sex (Klein 12). Applying this theory to the characters, Frank largely represents the child, while Dorothy represents the mother, in a dysfunctional mother-son relationship. Interestingly, despite FrankÃ¢â¬â¢s aggression, he referred to himself as a baby, illustrating his oedipal fantasy. It Is heavily illustrated, here that Lynch wanted to confront the less than comfortable theories and fantasies that many people truly have. Essentially, Lynch is supporting the notion of Ã¢â¬Å"forbidden emotions in powerful but carefully distinguished formsÃ¢â¬ (Johnson 522). By this, he means that often times repressed, and or, unconscious emotions that are ignored due to stigma, are expressed in other ways. Lynch was able to depict this through the characters throughout Blue Velvet and their sexual tendencies and personas. Jeffrey represents the Oedipal complex even more. When JeffreyÃ¢â¬â¢s father was stung by a bee in his garden, he is brought to the hospital. During this time, Jeffrey stayed home, tending to domestic duties and obligations. His fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s incapacity and helplessness forces Jeffrey to go to his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s home and hardware store. Fittingly, it was around this time that Jeffrey found the ear. This discovery could be representative and symbolic of his own feelings of castration because of the domestic duties he began to take on. Generally speaking, the ear is representative of maleÃ¢â¬â¢s anxiety and shame towards their Oedipal fantasies. Lynch was able to depict this anxiety-provoking journey through JeffreyÃ¢â¬â¢s own investigation of the severed ear. JeffreyÃ¢â¬â¢s anxiety and tension were, not surprisingly, further exasperated by Dorothy. His sexual attraction and longing for a desirable, yet perverse female, relates back to the Oedipal complex. It is more important to focus on Dorothy, because of her perverse sexual nature, and how it impacts the men around her. Moreover, the psychological reasoning behind these fetishes and tendencies forces readers and viewers to think about themselves, and possible pervasions, allowing them to gain a deeper understanding of themselves and society. It particularly addresses inner conflict and tensions. Some of these inner tensions can be seen in Dorothy though her fetishes. In terms of fetishism, Freud also heavily studied this psychological phenomenon. Fetishism relates to sexuality, especially in terms of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s sexual fantasies towards their parents. The authorÃ¢â¬â¢s claim that we must question of our own perception of reality, as well as the issue of good versus evil, was precisely what Lynch forced his viewers to do throughout Blue Velvet. Makarushka tended to use the term Ã¢â¬Å"illusionÃ¢â¬ quite often, which was interesting, because LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s film had a strong illusionary tone to it, tracing back to the uncanny, and the dreamlike imagery and emotions throughout his film. Her article was complementary to Blue Velvet because she was able to pose the mysterious and often unsettling aspect of reality versus illusionary life in the supernatural sense throughout the film. Furthermore, it did force readers to question how realistic the perfect, Ã¢â¬Å"cookie cutter,Ã¢â¬ image of the American Dream is, ultimately redefining its meaning. When thinking about the Ã¢â¬Å"American Dream,Ã¢â¬ society has always seen it as the ultimate standard of successful, happy living. This very point was denounced by Lynch through Blue Velvet. Just as Makarushka brings into play the idea that this concept is too good to be true, Ã¢â¬Å"However, closer scrutiny reveals that things are not what they seem. The slick, picture-perfect surface of the American Dream lacks substance and depth,Ã¢â¬ Lynch applies this idea to Blue Velvet (Makarushka 33). The idea that things are not as always as they seem pushes readers of MakarushkaÃ¢â¬â¢s article, and viewers of LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s film, to think about their lives and purpose beyond materialistic, professional, and superficial levels. This essential argument, encapsulating her entire article, reiterating that there is more than meets the eye, is emphasized through LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s character depictions throughout the movie. Jeffrey and his girlfriend seem to have the looks, charisma, and typical life that anyone would strive for, but as the movie progresses, characters such as Dorothy illustrate the darker side of life, involving heavy issues such as drugs, which subsequently make viewers think about life on a deeper level. Difficult topics such as drugs and abuse are not often talked about, or even thought about, in families living the American Dream, which says a lot. Psychologically speaking, the avoidance and ignorance of realizations and discourses about topics such as these can heavily influence peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological state. By forcing viewers to reflect on our own lives, past the jobs, kids, home, etcetera, Blue Velvet makes us begin to think about ourselves and identity on authentic levels. This makes LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s work particularly influential on the psychoanalytic level, because by Makrushka arguing that we as individuals, must view life through multilateral lenses, as opposed to the unilateral lens we lean towards, in this case, the unilateral lens being the American Dream, people can begin to address their unconscious and subconscious mind, resulting in a fuller understanding of themselves and others. Essentially, both Makarushka and Lynch show us that we must look past the American Dream, into the painful reality of life occurring outside of the protected bubble we place ourselves in. As a result, we become more aware and self-understanding, making us more organic and insightful individuals of society. Another philosopher that attests to LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological notions within Blue Velvet is Louis Althusser. His observations of ideology, throughout Ideological State Apparatuses, are particularly seen in terms of his repressive and ideological state. LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s depiction of the crossing guards, fireman, and detectives relates back to the repressive state because it is one in which cooperation from the public is achieved through physical coercion by means such as the police. Blue Velvet illustrates what happens when these authoritative figures dissipate, Ã¢â¬Å"The loss of an authoritative interpretative frame of reference results in a cultural disequilibrium. For Lynch, this decenteredness is affirmed in the experience of the ambiguity of evil which ultimately subverts the unambiguous claim of the American DreamÃ¢â¬ (Makarushka 32). AlthusserÃ¢â¬â¢s ideological state resembles more of a soft power that is sustained by cultural institutions such as church, family, and culture. It also values a sense of choice of what reality is imposed. This state specifically correlates to the reshaping of the American Dream throughout Blue Velvet because it questions what life is like beyond the perfect image, and what reality really is. By seeing what happens when the repressive state fails, we can see how softer figures can reshape peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding of life, reality, and deeper meaning. The American Dream must be redefined, and the psychological impact of the human mind must be addressed, according to Lynch. His film, Blue Velvet essentially allows us to understand that the true American Dream is one in which we are self-understanding, multilateral, and questioning of who we are beyond the image we portray, through its psychologically dynamic characters. Through his focus on Freudian theory, human understanding is better emphasized, increasing our own understanding of the self and others. How to cite Essay on David LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s Blue Velvet, Essays
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
The High Cost of Junk Foods Essay It is 9oclock at night, you went to school from 8am to 12pm and then you went to work from 1pm to 9pm what is the first thing on your mind; cooking, homework, McDonalds or what about just sleep. This is an average day for me every day and the only thing I think about is getting my shoes off and just sitting down to relax. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t feel like standing over a stove or making anything my first thought is the drive thru for a fast and easy meal. The time is takes to go grocery shopping compared to sitting in my car and waiting for my food to be handed to me is a big difference. Consider the shopping for an hour or two and then you have to go home to unload the groceries you just bought compared to just carrying a single paper bag in and eating right then and there no prepping, heat in your face and no dishes to wash in the end. We will write a custom essay on The High Cost of Junk Foods specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Also comparing the cost of your bill at the end of that shopping trip and at the end of that drive thru will be a big difference. When you are Ã¢â¬Å"dirt poorÃ¢â¬ or near Ã¢â¬Å"dirt poorÃ¢â¬ you count every penny you may or may not have and looking at the big picture the drive thru looks cheaper and easier. I think that there are many different viewpoints to this subject, you spend a lot now on groceries but you have food to last you for two weeks or even more, then spending $10 or $15 every day for one or maybe even more meals in just one day. Also one other point is junk food, chips, cookies, brownies and etc.; seem to be so much cheape.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Martin Luther King Junior Essays - Anglican Saints, Free Essays Martin Luther King Junior On a typical day in 1929 a man was born. A man that would follow in his fathers footsteps to become a great American leader. Not only a leader, but also someone that would inspire people of all generations. A man that cared about his fellow people and would not give up for anything. He would try to fight. Try to win. Try to claim peace for our world. This man is the one and only Martin Luther King Junior. This man is one of history?s best-loved and honored inspirations. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Martin Luther King Junior was brought into our world with what seemed as though a candle burning in his heart. Flickering to achieve goals, and giving light and love to our fellow people. As a child he would live a life that to him wasn?t fit for him. His friends seemed to be only people that looked the same as him. The same skin color. During the early days of his life, he couldn?t understand why. Although he only talked to people of his own race he was satisfied, but not for long. As he grew older he began to understand. He was finally realizing why he was trapped behind the wall of prejudice. The thoughts in his mind began to expand into a world that was impossible to live with. He began to struggle in school and daily life at home. His thoughts were locked on only one target. Martin Luther King Junior graduated from Morehouse College in Georgia in 1948 and he was ready to take responsibilities like an adult. 3 years later in 1955 he graduated from Crozer Theological Seminary. His parents loved his great learning abilities but often expected more from him. They were proud yet commanding. He studied hard to make his parents proud, but he felt that it was also a huge benefit for him as well. He took a Ph.D. from Boston University in 1955 and was on the highway to success. He had a good education, a steady family, and that was not all. While going to school at Boston University Martin Luther King Junior met his future wife. He didn?t know the true meaning of love until he found her. His life changed, and would never again be the same. Along with a new wife new responsibilities. Coretta Scott and Martin Luther King Junior wed. Shortly after their marriage they had four kids together. In Martin?s opinion, he was the luckiest man in the world. To him nothing could be better than a healthy happy marriage, and healthy happy kids. He had his life laid out like a sleeping bag. If you think back on the life that Martin Luther King lived, he gave his heart and soul into what he believed, and he wouldn?t give up until he achieved his goal that was on the top of his list. I?m sure that his list was very long list, and I know that in his lifetime he achieved every single one of them. I truly see how Martin Luther King Junior is a remarkable piece of history, and that he is an inspiration for freedom. In 1953 Martin became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery. He decided that fighting for what he believed in was the right thing to do. In 1957 Martin Luther King Junior was chosen to be president of the newly formed Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Formally known as SCLC. He began to
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
10 Sentences with Muddled Meanings Made Clear 10 Sentences with Muddled Meanings Made Clear 10 Sentences with Muddled Meanings Made Clear By Mark Nichol One of my mottos is Ã¢â¬Å"Mean what you say, and say what you mean.Ã¢â¬ I try to write by the same standards, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s harder than it looks. What appears to be a reasonable sentence often isnÃ¢â¬â¢t and Ã¢â¬Å"I understand what the writer meant to writeÃ¢â¬ is a poor excuse for Ã¢â¬Å"I understand what the writer wrote.Ã¢â¬ Here are some examples of how to make an almost-right statement a right statement: 1. Ã¢â¬Å"The colonists were eager to surround themselves with the gardens of their homeland.Ã¢â¬ This sentence implies that the colonists excavated the gardens in their homeland and deposited them in their new environs. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s the intended meaning: Ã¢â¬Å"The colonists were eager to surround themselves with gardens reminiscent of those in their homeland.Ã¢â¬ 2. Ã¢â¬Å"The amount of water pumped from the reservoir reached a seemingly impossible peak of half a million acre-feet.Ã¢â¬ Peak is an awkward analogical term when referring to water volume. A more semantically neutral description is called for: Ã¢â¬Å"The amount of water pumped from the reservoir reached a seemingly impossible maximum output of half a million acre-feet.Ã¢â¬ 3. Ã¢â¬Å"We visited a Polish concentration camp.Ã¢â¬ The writer states an impossibility: Poland never established concentration camps. What is true is that Nazi Germany established concentration camps in Poland. Superficially speaking, the difference is subtle, but the insensitivity of the inadvertent error is profound. To be accurate, write, Ã¢â¬Å"We visited a concentration camp in Poland.Ã¢â¬ 4. Ã¢â¬Å"The opposite pole with respect to availability is represented by Poland.Ã¢â¬ While weÃ¢â¬â¢re in Poland, letÃ¢â¬â¢s note the distracting use of pole, which when capitalized refers to a person from Poland, in a sentence about that nation. In addition to omitting the distraction, letÃ¢â¬â¢s make the sentence active: Ã¢â¬Å"Poland represents the other extreme on the spectrum of availability.Ã¢â¬ 5. Ã¢â¬Å"The 275-square-mile tropical island off the southern end of the Malay Peninsula is smaller than New York City and every other country in southeast Asia.Ã¢â¬ The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"New York City and every other countryÃ¢â¬ implies that the Big Apple is located in southeast Asia. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s what the writer meant: Ã¢â¬Å"The 275-square-mile tropical island off the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, dwarfed by every other country in southeast Asia, is smaller than New York City.Ã¢â¬ 6. Ã¢â¬Å"Another report with thirty-two in-depth interviews has shown that all participants support the procedure.Ã¢â¬ Unless both reports in question were based on thirty-two in-depth interviews, the sentence should be slightly revised to indicate otherwise: Ã¢â¬Å"Another report, with thirty-two in-depth interviews, has shown that all participants support the procedure.Ã¢â¬ 7. Ã¢â¬Å"One group of countries (Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Finland, France, Mexico, New Caledonia, and Puerto Rico) does not permit adoption by homosexual couples but does permit single people to adopt.Ã¢â¬ The phrase Ã¢â¬Å"one group of countriesÃ¢â¬ incorrectly implies that they act in concert to prohibit adoption by homosexual couples. Omit the troublesome phrase and start with the list: Ã¢â¬Å"Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Finland, France, Mexico, New Caledonia, and Puerto Rico do not permit adoption by homosexual couples but do permit single people to adopt.Ã¢â¬ 8. Ã¢â¬Å"The United States was right in interning the Japanese, and maybe it should happen again.Ã¢â¬ This sentence, part of a discussion about dealing with terrorism practiced by Islamic extremists, isnÃ¢â¬â¢t meant to propose that people of Japanese ancestry in the United States should be interned in response to the terrorist attacks, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what it says. The statement should be revised to convey that the reference to the Japanese is an analogy: Ã¢â¬Å"The United States was right in interning the Japanese, and maybe a similar strategy should be employed again.Ã¢â¬ 9. Ã¢â¬Å"Many Americans seem resigned to the notion that agriculture and big industries require a ton of water, and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s not much we can do to change that.Ã¢â¬ This sentence, out of context, has an almost invisible error. The point is not that altering the notion is seemingly insurmountable; itÃ¢â¬â¢s that Big BusinessÃ¢â¬â¢s supposedly insatiable need for water is part of the notion: Ã¢â¬Å"Many Americans seem resigned to the notion that agriculture and big industries require a ton of water and that thereÃ¢â¬â¢s not much we can do to change that.Ã¢â¬ 10. Ã¢â¬Å"If you havent been there, it is one of the greatest and most civilized places on Earth.Ã¢â¬ This subtle error is of a type called a false conditional; when read literally, it implies that if, and only if, you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t visited a certain country, it can claim to be what the sentence conveys about it. (IsnÃ¢â¬â¢t that faintly insulting to you?) The intended meaning follows: Ã¢â¬Å"If you havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been there, you should go, because it is one of the greatest and most civilized places on Earth.Ã¢â¬ Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! 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